Forestry, Menominee

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The Menominee tribe is a native tribe Wisconsin and is just located 45 minutes northwest of Green Bay but is also well known for their eco friendly and inventive practices of logging and forestry that are an important part of Wisconsin History, preserving ecosystems and numerous species in Wisconsin since the beginning of their logging practices 150 years ago.

Menominee Tribe history

The Menominee Tribe of Wisconsin is a federally recognized tribe that has over 300,000 acres and 8,700 members in its current situation in Wisconsin. The tribe is also known as Mamaceqtaw (pronounced ma-ma-chay-tau) to the natives and this roughly translates to meaning "the people" as they refer to themselves. The Menominee tribe is a tribe based in northern Wisconsin and is one of the only tribes left in the state while remaining on a reservation left for them by the United States government, however they are the only tribe that has its origins based in Wisconsin. The Menominee tribe is part of the Algonquian language family in North America along with several other tribes around the great lakes and on the Atlantic coast. Being one of these tribes they helped cover an area that was about 10 million acres and is estimated to be over 1000 years old. The original Menominee tribe was discontinued on June 17th, 1954 but resides on a reservation that the United States government granted them but the tribe still practices their various tree cutting techniques and inventive practices to this day. After putting them on a reservation the governor of Wisconsin then tried to incorporate them in to mainstream America by making Menominee a county on July 3rd,1959. Menominee continues to this day carrying its traditions and culture through the remaining tribe and they also keep the tribe running through a small government system that they elect which includes a council and a president that helps keep order on the reservation. [1][2]

Forestry practices

The Menominee tribe been developing great logging practices over the last 150 years they they have been logging that have helped mutually benefit the local forests providing themselves with adequate timber yet saving the ecosystem and the various animals that live in it. The Menominees practice seem to stem from their culture that is very eco-friendly based and helps derive a friendly respect from the land and sustainability, never taking more than they need. Their practices don't just stop at using timber sparingly but are a mathematical science as well. The Menominee uses techniques such as dividing the trees up, numbering and measuring each one so they know exactly when to cut and them. The reason they do all this goes back to their culture because they don't believe in material riches but measured environmentally, spiritually, and culturally.[3]

Government involvement

The U.S Congress terminated the indian tribe in the 1950s with the passage of the Public law act 108 which is also referred to as the "Menominee Termination Act" which intern threatened the very culture of the tribe. Luckily the tribe won its recognition back in 1973, helping preserve their culture and traditions. Now the reservation sits 45 minutes just northwest of Green Bay at 235,523 acres with 8,551 tribe members and growing who continue to practice their logging and forestry just as they always have for the last 150 years.[4]

See also Menominee Forestry.

References

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menominee
  2. http://www.menominee-nsn.gov/CulturePages/BriefHistory.aspx
  3. http://www.americanforests.org/magazine/article/menominee-forest-keepers/
  4. http://www.menominee-nsn.gov/CulturePages/BriefHistory.aspx

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